Fue un placer visitar su pais. No imagina lo que le agradecí su visita al Hotel, por dos veces además y sus consejos apoyados en esa magnífica documentación informática que me mostró....José Miguel Samaniego
Three Peruvian archaeological sites -Machu Picchu (Cusco), Chan Chan (La Libertad) and Caral (Lima)- have been named among the top eight lost cities in the world, Peru's export and tourism promotion board Promperu has announced.more »
Peru has the highest navigable lake in the world, Lake Titicaca among its wonders. Around this development the Tiahuanaco culture and many legends awarded relevance at the dawn of Andean cultures.
The traces are scattered around the perimeter of the Lake and in the Islands. The islands of the Uros are themselves cultural relic of ancient societies of the Peru.
The islands of the Uros people call themselves kotsuña, "the Lake people", and its origins go back to pre-incas periods. Some scholars argue that come from a direct migration from Polynesia, and they constitute a human group with an independent source that was occupying South America. Ethnic group distinct from the Aymara and quechuas, is called "Kot-suña", who formerly spoke the isolate.
It is thought that the first location where settled was on the banks of Lake Uro-Uro, in what is now Bolivia. Subsequently, fleeing from the siege of the Inca conquistadors, led by Pachacutec was refuge in the floating islands. The villagers over time were losing the ethnic purity, mixing with the quechuas and aymaras, inhabitants of the banks of Lake Titicaca. The last Uro′s woman died in 1970. That is why the current inhabitants of the floating islands still practice some of their ancestral traditions, but with significant influence aymara.
It is assumed that the people who inhabited the Uros was descended from the Pukinas, one of the oldest communities in America.The Uros are consider owners of the Lake and water; they say have black blood which could not drown or feel cold on winter nights. There is an archipelago of over 40 Islands, each inhabited by 50 people, being the Uros Chulluni the largest. Others such as Santa Marí, paradise, Toronipata are the most visited by tourists. In these there are schools, museums of medical post, etc.
It is located north of the Bay of Puno, 6 kilometres from port Lacustre, at an altitude of 3,812 meters above the Sea (the highest Lake in the world). Uros Islands (3 810 m above sea level) are in the Bay of Puno and approximately 30, although that number varies according to the requirements dictated by the growth of families or by the decision of some families of separate, and form their own island or join another group of families, occupants of another island.
The floating islands of the Uros, constitute one of the most unique attractions of world tourism. Main islands at beginning of the 21st century include: Tupiri, Santa Maria, Gallery Toranipata, Chumi, paradise, Kapi, Titino, Tinajero and Negrone.
The cold and dry climate characteristic of the region dims the area thanks to the action of bodies of water evaporate constantly. The average temperature in the nights of 10 ° C through regulatory action of the water of the Lake that receives the rays of the Sun during the day and night fell distributes them the accumulated heat.
The urban legend assumed that the islands of the Uros floated magically by the gods blessing without however known islands float, are built on blocks of roots of the totoras, that joining decomposition produces gas, that get caught in the tangle of roots together to the waterline. From these roots blocks placed successive litters of dry reeds, shade which you build your rooms with the same material. Men in this community with over time, intertwining roots, forming a natural layer called Khili. Best conservation, Uros, its inhabitants have a constant work in lay more plants of reeds of one to two months in this way, avoiding the disintegration of the Islands. The thickness of the Islands is one to two meters and its base can be destroyed by heavy storms in times of rain. They have recently begun to use Nick to roofs. In some cases you covers the Nick with mats of reeds, to preserve the characteristic of the huts, look to improve the thermal insulation and tourist purposes.
The floating islands and built are anchored to fund by sticks through the floor of the island and are diving in the background. Most of the islands lie within the area of the Titicaca Lake national reserve.
Men are skilled constructors and drivers of totora rafts and women Weaver experts. In the early 21st century directed its activities to tourism. They have become a point in the route of the tourists who pass through Puno. The Islanders are mobilized only in rafts. Maintaining the tradition of fishing, particularly of the carachi and smelt, when fishing is abundant preserved fish drying in the Sun. They also engaged in the hunting of wild birds.
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