Health in Peru
Because you are visiting Andean areas, don't forget to take precautions to avoid altitude sickness. Be sure to drink hot tea or infusion of coca leaves arriving on the first day move slowly and eat light.
Also known as bad acute in height, is basically due to lack of oxygen.
It usually occurs in people not successfully amounting of 2,000 m.a.s.l. in less than 1 or 2 days. Tourists arriving to Cuzco by plane are more prone to suffer soroche.
Symptoms usually occur within 48 hours of the promotion (though also much later) and they include headache, nausea, vomiting, lack of appetite, a feeling of suffocation, disturbances of sleep, dizziness, palpitations and problems of concentration to pulmonary edema.
Prevention: the best way to prevent the annoying soroche, is making a gradual climb.
If you have time and can spend the nights of your trip to Cuzco in the Sacred Valley, you will have less chance of becoming ill from altitude sickness.
It is very important that those who come to Cusco perform activities gradually. We recommend resting day, eat light and enjoy delicious coca tea.
As a preventive measure but noting the contraindications may acetazolamide (125-250 mg 2-3 times per day orally) from 48 hours before the ascent up to 48 hours of having arrived in the area of height.
Administration of dexamethasone (4 mg every 6 hours orally during 48 hours before the promotion and exposure to high altitudes) is also effective.
If despite preventive meausures altitude sickness occurs, drink abundant liquids. Paracetamol is ideal against headache and the coramina limits nausea them. Acetazolamide (250 mg 2-4 times a day by mouth, maximum dose: 1,000 mg/day) is very effective in combating disease and accelerate the acclimatization.
In all cases is preferable to consult with a doctor and observe the contraindications.
Don't wait to feel bad for oxygen. You can find some hotels, pharmacies and hospitals.
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