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Loreto

Loreto Peru


Loreto is the largest department of the country and also one of the least populated. It is covered with dense vegetation, primary and secondary forest with low hills and slightly wavy surfaces, which are traversed by several rivers of the Amazon basin, which in turn arises from the confluence of the rivers Marañón and Ucayali.


Loreto Peru

Yanayacu River - Loreto Peru


Iquitos, the capital of Loreto, is the main river port of the Amazon River and the largest city in the Peruvian jungle. The area was formerly populated by different groups and the Cocama, Huitoto and Bora; subsequently, Jesuit missionaries founded the city. It was at the end of the 19th century that Iquitos lived its maximum apogee with the exploitation of rubber. The economic boom resulted in luxurious buildings such as the Palace Hotel in Art Nouveau style and the Casa de Fierro, designed by the famous French architect Gustave Eiffel.

In contrast to these buildings, the rustic houses in the neighborhood of Bethlehem resting on rafts and piles to protect themselves from the growing of the River. One of the top attractions is navigating rivers and lakes, as well as enjoying its beautiful beaches


Loreto Peru

Black Caiman - Loreto Peru


The Pacaya-Samiria National Reserve (2 080.000 has), the largest of the country, is located 183 km from the city and is home to numerous species of animals and plants, many of them endangered like the turtle charapa giant river otter, the black caiman and the river dolphin.

On the other hand, the reserve national Allpahuayo-Mishana (58,000 hectares), protects the largest concentration of forests of white sand, or "varillales" known in the Peruvian Amazon. This is one of the best destinations for bird watching.

In addition to these national reserves, there are also numerous private reserves that lifted themselves shelters for everyone.


Loreto Location

The Loreto region of Peru is located to the north and northeast of the national territory, on the border with Ecuador, Colombia and Brazil.


Loreto Surface

The Loreto region has 368, 851, 95 Km2.
It is the region's largest surface area and represents approximately 29% of the surface of the country.


Loreto Altitude

The Department of Loreto presents two natural regions Omagua and Rupa Rupa.
Its capital, Iquitos is located at 104 m, while Amelia is 70 m above sea level and is the place with the minimum altitude, while Balsapuerto is the highest altitude with a maximum of 220 meters above sea level.


Loreto Population

According to the 2005 census has projected 943 807 inhabitants.







 


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