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> > > Chavin de Huantar in Ancash Tours in Peru

Chavin de Huantar

Ancash Peru


Archaeological Complex of Chavin de Huantar

At 109 km. to the South of Huaraz (3 hours and 30 minutes by car).
Chavín de Huantar was the capital of the Chavín culture. It is an archaeological site located in the District of Chavín de Huántar, Huari province, Ancash Department.

It is 462 kilometers northeast of Lima, Peru. The site has an elevation of 3,177 meters above the sea level, in the Callejón de Conchucos Valley on the eastern flank of the White Cordillera. The location of the city at the confluence of the rivers Huacheksa and Mosna, in the main basin of the Marañón River, between the coast and the jungle, made him an ideal location for the collection and trade of goods.


Chavin de Huantar.

Temple Chavin de Huantar - Ancash Peru


Pedro Cieza de Leon (1520-1554), Spanish chronicler, was the first Western traveller to mention their existence. In 1616, Antonio Vázquez de Espinosa, gave a description of the temple according to its neighbouring inhabitants. In 1873 he visited the site the Italian Explorer Antonio Raimondi, who was impressed but at the same time regretted the State that was just as he pointed out that the settlers used it as a quarry to supply of stones for the construction of their houses. Later, in 1883, the German Ernst Wilhelm Middendorff [(1830-1908) explored the site discovered the grand staircase leading from the Square Plaza at the Mayor Temple. Investigated by the Peruvian Julio Cesar Tello specialist, this magic-religius center was built approximately in the year 327 BC. Its walls are of stone and its pyramidal structures. Despite not being the oldest archaeological site, neither the largest nor the most eye-catching of the ancient Peru, considered as a centre of pilgrimage as well as testimony earlier civilization in America.

The building presents a complex network of roads and stone interior galleries only illuminated by beams of light to penetrate through strategically prepared pipeline. Inside can still appreciate the Lanzón Monolítico, carved stone of 5,53 m. in height on which there are apparently deities and anthropomorphic figures, and the Cabezas Clavas ( heads) , species of sentinels nailed in the walls of the building. On January 17, 1945, a flood covered and damaged structures, which were partially excavated from 1966. Recent research, excavations in the Centre of the Square Plaza, gave evidence of burials ceremonial, allowing to find the former bed of the Mosna River, which means that the channel of the same, was diverted to allow the construction of this square.

The archaeological site of Chavín was declared by the Unesco World Heritage site in 1985.


Chavin de Huantar

Lanzon Chavin de Huantar - Ancash Peru


Showroom of the Chavín Archaeological Complex

It presents a varied collection of textiles, ceramics and stone items belonging to different cultures pre Inca as Chavín, Huaraz White on Red, Recuay and Wari.






 


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